Jun 1, 1989

Dysphatic development: clinical importance and neurological background

Tijdschrift Voor Kindergeneeskunde
C Njiokiktjien

Abstract

The timely treatment of children with developmental dysphasia is important in the prevention of subsequent learning and behaviour disorders. The pathophysiology of developmental dysphasia is complex and depends on age. In the preverbal and early verbal phase the severity of the clinical picture is determined by accompanying motor function pathology (simple motor function, dysarthria, general and oral dyspraxia) and by receptive pathology (hearing, and auditory perception). In the verbal period linguistic problems become more prominent (syntax, morphology, semantics and verbal memory), these problems might be accompanied by oral motor symptoms. The different developmental language syndromes become more apparent with time. After kindergarten age the oral motor and perceptual problems diminish, but the language disorders, that influence communication and scholastic learning, remain. In a small number of children without oral motor, perceptual and memory problems, there exists a 'bare or nuclear syndrome', a so called 'pure dysphasia', without other neurological signs. In these children there is perhaps a genetically determined developmental disorder on a restricted neuronal level (no brain damage!). In more than half of the patien...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Cataract, Nuclear Progressive
Language Disorders
Hemispheric Specialization
Acquired Language Disorders
Memory for Designs Test
Learning Disorders
Child Development Disorders, Specific
Memory Disorders
Dysphasia
Dysarthria

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