Early and late beta-band power reflect audiovisual perception in the McGurk illusion

Journal of Neurophysiology
Yadira Roa RomeroJulian Keil

Abstract

The McGurk illusion is a prominent example of audiovisual speech perception and the influence that visual stimuli can have on auditory perception. In this illusion, a visual speech stimulus influences the perception of an incongruent auditory stimulus, resulting in a fused novel percept. In this high-density electroencephalography (EEG) study, we were interested in the neural signatures of the subjective percept of the McGurk illusion as a phenomenon of speech-specific multisensory integration. Therefore, we examined the role of cortical oscillations and event-related responses in the perception of congruent and incongruent audiovisual speech. We compared the cortical activity elicited by objectively congruent syllables with incongruent audiovisual stimuli. Importantly, the latter elicited a subjectively congruent percept: the McGurk illusion. We found that early event-related responses (N1) to audiovisual stimuli were reduced during the perception of the McGurk illusion compared with congruent stimuli. Most interestingly, our study showed a stronger poststimulus suppression of beta-band power (13-30 Hz) at short (0-500 ms) and long (500-800 ms) latencies during the perception of the McGurk illusion compared with congruent stim...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Feb 24, 2016·Frontiers in Human Neuroscience·Yadira Roa RomeroDaniel Senkowski
Jan 19, 2016·Trends in Neurosciences·Jennifer K BizleyAdrian K C Lee
Jul 1, 2016·Journal of Neurophysiology·Yadira Roa RomeroDaniel Senkowski
Sep 26, 2017·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Alfredo D BolañosJulia M Stephen
Dec 19, 2017·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Luis Morís FernándezSalvador Soto-Faraco
Feb 10, 2018·The Neuroscientist : a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry·Julian Keil, Daniel Senkowski
Dec 7, 2018·Journal of Audiology & Otology·Dhatri S DevarajuSantosh Maruthy
Aug 10, 2017·Human Brain Mapping·Luis Morís FernándezSalvador Soto-Faraco
Oct 20, 2018·Frontiers in Human Neuroscience·Mario Villena-GonzálezVladimir López
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Nov 9, 2018·Frontiers in Human Neuroscience·Emmanuel Biau, Sonja A Kotz
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Jan 1, 2018·Multisensory Research·Agnès AlsiusKevin G Munhall
May 20, 2021·Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO·Collins Opoku-BaahMark T Wallace

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