Jul 9, 2005

Early assessment of dental arch development in repaired unilateral cleft lip and unilateral cleft lip and palate versus controls

The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association
Ann GarrahyAshraf F Ayoub

Abstract

To evaluate dental arch relationships and dimensions, relative to an age matched noncleft sample, in Caucasian 3-year-old children with repaired unilateral cleft lip (UCL) or unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Prospective, cross-sectional, case-control study performed in Scotland, U.K. Eleven children with repaired unilateral cleft lip, 16 children with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate, and 78 children as controls. Dental arch relationships and linear arch dimensions. Prevalence of Class III incisor relationship was 31.3% in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate compared with 9.1% in children with unilateral cleft lip. A buccal crossbite was present in 36% of children with unilateral cleft lip, compared with 75.6% of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate.Mean linear maxillary arch dimensions did not differ significantly between children with unilateral cleft lip and the controls. Except for second intermolar width, statistically significant differences existed in mean linear maxillary arch dimensions between the unilateral cleft lip and the unilateral cleft lip and palate groups; the mean linear maxillary arch dimensions were significantly greater in the control group than in the unilateral cleft li...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
Tooth, Supernumerary
Maxilla
Axiography
Cleft Palate, Isolated
Malocclusion
Entire Dental Arch
Dental Arch Structure
Maxillofacial Development
Cleft Palate With Cleft Lip

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