Early enteral nutrition in young dogs suffering from haemorrhagic gastroenteritis

Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine
K WillJ Zentek

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical and metabolic effects of combined parenteral and oral nutrition compared with parenteral nutrition in young dogs with haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in a prospective clinical study. Dogs with acute gastroenteritis received either parenteral nutrition (group PN, n = 9) or combined parenteral and early enteral nutrition (group EN, n = 10). Infusions were compounded from amino acids, lipids, glucose and electrolyte/glucose solutions [149 g/l glucose, 20 g/l triglycerides, 40 g/l amino acids and 4009 kJ metabolizable energy/l (957 kcal ME/l)], and supplemented with potassium, phosphate and trace elements. Group EN received additionally a hydrolysed diet (74 kJ/kg BW(0.75) on day 2 and 148 kJ/kg BW(0.75) on days 3 and 4). Glucose, triglycerides, protein, albumin, fibrinogen, urea, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamate pyruvate transaminase were measured before and during the infusions, haematological traits only before the infusions. Statistics included two-factorial anova and subsequent t-test or Wilcoxon test (P < 0.05). All dogs of group EN survived compared with seven of nine patients in group PN. Most dogs in the EN group vomited within half a...Continue Reading

References

May 1, 1979·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·Y Mashima
Oct 1, 1976·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·A R PulitoW C Heird
Jan 1, 1990·The Journal of Surgical Research·W W SoubaE M Copeland
Nov 1, 1989·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·R L Remillard, C D Thatcher
May 1, 1983·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·R S IzzoS Larcker
Mar 1, 1993·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·A C LippertA M Parr
May 1, 1996·Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology·M S GreenM G Lebwohl
Jun 1, 1996·American Journal of Surgery·H C SaxD J Hardy
Jan 11, 2000·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·C M OttoM W Russell
Nov 25, 2003·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·E Jean HarperPaul R Heaton

Citations

Jan 30, 2016·Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care·KimMi WhiteheadLaura Eirmann
Feb 9, 2010·The Journal of Small Animal Practice·Clive M ElwoodKarine Savary-Bataille
Jan 9, 2015·The Veterinary Record·S UntererK Hartmann
Mar 11, 2017·Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association·Jamie Elizabeth Hoffberg, Amy Koenigshof
Feb 14, 2013·Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery·Daniel J BatchelorAlexander J German
Apr 26, 2019·Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care·Kristin M SmithJeffrey M Todd
Sep 14, 2018·Frontiers in Veterinary Science·Jenifer MolinaC Villaverde

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.