Jul 7, 2015

Early Precut Sphincterotomy Does Not Increase Risk During Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Patients With Difficult Biliary Access: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official Clinical Practice Journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
Prakalathan SundaralingamM Bourke

Abstract

Use of precut sphincterotomy during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can increase the odds for cannulation success but is associated with increased risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis. Earlier, rather than delayed, use of precut sphincterotomy for cases with difficult biliary access might reduce this risk. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to determine how early use of precut sphincterotomy affects the risk of pancreatitis and rate of cannulation success compared with persistent standard cannulation. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials, along with meeting abstracts, through August 2014 for randomized controlled trials in which early precut sphincterotomy was compared with persistent standard cannulation in adults with difficult biliary access. Outcomes considered included primary cannulation success, overall cannulation success, incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis, and overall adverse event rate. Findings from a random-effects model were expressed as pooled risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We analyzed data from 5 studies (523 participants). The incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis and success of overall cannulation di...Continue Reading

  • References15
  • Citations13

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Standard of Care
Study
Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Meta Analysis (Statistical Procedure)
Biliary Atresia
Pancreatitis
Biliary Sphincterotomy
Retrograde Degeneration
Participant
Adverse Event

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