PMID: 6117171Feb 1, 1981

Early response in central hemodynamics to high doses of sufentanil or morphine in dogs

Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
J EriksenJ P Rasmussen


The hemodynamic effects of high doses of sufentanil, a newly synthetized highly potent analgesic, were investigated in dogs. This study compared the early (30 min) cardiovascular effects of sufentanil 0.01 mg . kg-1 and morphine 4 mg . kg-1. Sufentanil caused a moderate and insignificant decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP). A 30% decrease in cardiac index (CI) was almost outbalanced by an increased systemic vascular resistance (SVRI). The lowering of CI was due to a more than 50% decrease in heart rate (HR) which was partly compensated for by a greater stroke volume index (SVI). In the first 5 min after morphine injection, MAP fell significantly to about 50 mmHg (below 50% of the control value). CI was reduced to about 50% of the control value because of significant decreases in both SVI and HR. The calculated SVRI was unchanged after morphine. Within 30 min some of the initially changed parameters had returned to control levels. Central venous pressure (CVP) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) increased immediately after sufentanil, but decreased after morphine. With time, both parameters returned towards control values. Peak left ventricular dP/dt decreased by about 25-50% after both analgesics. The rate-pressu...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance
Pressure Ulcer
Morphine Sulfate (2: 1), Pentahydrate
Oxygen Consumption
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug

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