Early signals of vaccine driven perturbation seen in pneumococcal carriage population genomic data

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Chrispin ChaguzaStephen D Bentley

Abstract

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) have reduced pneumococcal diseases globally. Despite this, much remains to be learned about their effect on pathogen population structure. Here we undertook whole genome sequencing of 660 pneumococcal strains from asymptomatic carriers to investigate population restructuring in pneumococcal strains sampled before and after PCV13 introduction in a previously vaccine-naïve setting. We show substantial decreasing frequency of vaccine-type (VT) strains and their strain diversity post-vaccination in the vaccinated but not unvaccinated age groups indicative of direct but limited or delayed indirect effect of vaccination. Clearance of identical VT serotypes associated with multiple lineages occurred regardless of their genetic background. Interestingly, despite the increasing frequency of non-vaccine type (NVT) strains through serotype replacement, the serotype diversity was not fully restored to the levels observed prior to vaccination implying limited serotype replacement. The frequency of antibiotic resistant strains was low and remained largely unchanged post-vaccination but intermediate-penicillin-resistant lineages were reduced in the post vaccine population. Significant perturbations marked...Continue Reading

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