PMID: 41109Jul 1, 1979

Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in experimentally infected bats

Journal of Wildlife Diseases
A J Main

Abstract

Colonial bats (Myotis supp. and Eptesicus sp.) were infected with eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus by subcutaneous inoculation or by the bite of infected mosquitoes. Bats were maintained in an environment simulating conditions encountered in hibernacula or in summer maternal colonies. Virus was detected in the blood of hibernating bats at irregular intervals over a 42-day observation period; viremia perhaps was influenced by the amount of disturbance (arousal) involved in the blood sampling process. Target organs included brown fat, spleen, lung, kidneys, pancreas, and liver. Neutralizing antibody was not detected in sera collected from these bats between days 4 and 42 post-inoculation. In nonhibernating bats, virus was recovered from mammary glands, brown fat, pancreas, lungs, kidneys, and liver, in addition to blood. Attempts to infect bats orally or to transmit virus to suckling mice by the bite of viremic bats were unsuccessful. Virus was transmitted from viremic chickens to E. fuscus by the bite of Culiseta melanura and Aedes aegypti.

Citations

Jan 1, 1985·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology·F Geiser
Mar 6, 2019·Viruses·Anna C Fagre, Rebekah C Kading

Related Concepts

Antibodies, Viral
Rousettus
Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine
Encephalitis Viruses
Encephalomyelitis, Equine
Hibernation, Artificial
Culicidae
Viremia