Echinostoma paraensei: hemocytes of Biomphalaria glabrata as targets of echinostome mediated interference with host snail resistance to Schistosoma mansoni

Experimental Parasitology
E S LokerM A Yui


Earlier in vivo work by Lie et al. (1977) indicated that the innate resistance of the 10R2 strain of Biomphalaria glabrata to PR1 Schistosoma mansoni could be interfered with if the snails were infected previously with another trematode, Echinostoma paraensei. We have studied this interference phenomenon using in vitro methods in an attempt to understand its mechanistic basis. Hemolymph, derived from 10R2 snails infected with E. paraensei for 14-28 days, killed 25% of S. mansoni sporocysts in vitro, significantly less (P less than 0.001) than the 90% killing rate observed with hemolymph from uninfected, control 10R2 snails. Hemolymph from the infected 10R2 snails and from schistosome susceptible M line snails did not differ significantly (P greater than 0.1) in their relative inability to kill S. mansoni sporocysts in vitro. The defect in sporocyst killing exhibited by echinostome infected 10R2 snails was traced to the cellular, rather than the humoral, component of the hemolymph. Preparations containing uninfected 10R2 snail hemolymph and echinostome daughter rediae exhibited significantly less (P less than 0.001) killing of S. mansoni sporocysts than did controls containing only 10R2 hemolymph and S. mansoni sporocysts. Our r...Continue Reading


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