Echocardiographic Variables Associated with Transvalvular Gradient After a Transcatheter Edge-To-Edge Mitral Valve Repair.

Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography
Sandra HadjadjJonathan Beaudoin

Abstract

Transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair may lead to a reduction in mitral valve area (MVA) and elevated mean transmitral gradient (TMG). The objectives of this study were to assess the value of baseline MVA by different imaging methods and to explore the associations between MVA indexed to body surface area or left ventricular forward stroke volume and postprocedural TMG. Preprocedural echocardiographic images from 76 consecutive patients were retrospectively reviewed. MVA planimetry from two-dimensional (2D) transthoracic echocardiography (MVATTE), 2D transesophageal echocardiography in the transgastric view (MVA2D TEE), and three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (MVA3D) were measured. Postprocedural TMGs were assessed at 1 to 3 months and all-cause mortality at 1 year. Postprocedural mean TMG > 5 mm Hg was associated with a 3.42-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-10.87; P = .04) increased risk for 1-year all-cause mortality. Patients with postprocedural TMG > 5 mm Hg (25% [19 of 76]) had significantly smaller preprocedural MVA3D (3.9 ± 0.8 vs 5.2 ± 1.3 cm2, P < .01) and MVATTE (4.9 ± 1.1 vs 5.8 ± 1.5 cm2, P = .01) compared with patients without elevated TMG. No significant difference was found fo...Continue Reading

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