DOI: 10.1101/453373Oct 26, 2018Paper

Ecological and evolutionary insights into pathogenic and non-pathogenic rice associated Xanthomonas

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kanika BansalPrabhu B Patil


Xanthomonas oryzae is a devastating pathogen of rice worldwide, however, X. sontii and X. maliensis are its non-pathogenic counterparts from the same host. So far, these non-pathogenic isolates were overlooked due to their less economic importance and lack of genomic information. We have carried out detailed ecological and evolutionary study focusing on diverse lifestyles of these strains. Phylogenomic analysis revealed two major lineages corresponding to X. sontii (ML-I) and X. oryzae (ML-II) species. Interestingly, one of the non-pathogenic Xanthomonas strains belonging to X. maliensis is intermediary to both the major lineages/species suggesting on-going diversification and selection. Accordingly, pangenome analysis revealed large number of lifestyle specific genes with atypical GC content indicating role of horizontal gene transfer in genome diversification. Our comprehensive comparative genomic investigation of major lineages has revealed that impact of recombination is more for X. sontii as compared to X. oryzae. Acquisition of type III secretion system and its effectome along with a type VI secretion system also seem to have played a major role in the pathogenic lineage. Other known key pathogenicity clusters or genes li...Continue Reading

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