Apr 1, 1997

Economic benefit of breast-feeding infants enrolled in WIC

Journal of the American Dietetic Association
D L Montgomery, P L Splett


To determine whether breast-feeding of infants enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is associated with a reduction in Medicaid expenditures during the first 6 months of life; if so, to determine whether the reduction in Medicaid expenditures represents a positive economic benefit to society when WIC costs for these infants and their mothers are considered. Cohorts of exclusively breast-fed and formula-fed infants were tracked for 6 months to compare WIC costs and Medicaid expenditures. The sample consisted of 406 healthy infants who were breast-fed exclusively for at least 3 months and 470 healthy infants who were formula-fed exclusively. The infants, born between August 1, 1993, and December 31, 1993, were enrolled in WIC and Medicaid. COST AND BENEFIT MEASURES: WIC costs included redeemed WIC vouchers for formula and foods for infants and mothers, plus administrative expenses for 6 months, minus manufacturers' rebates for formula. Benefit was determined from Medicaid expenditures for health care initiated in the first 180 days of each infant's life. STATISTICAL AND BENEFIT-COST ANALYSES: Economic benefit was calculated as net benefit and as benefit-cost ratios. Regressi...Continue Reading

  • References11
  • Citations41


  • References11
  • Citations41


Mentioned in this Paper

Prenatal Care brand of multivitamin
Colorado Tick Fever
Cost Effectiveness
Incidence Studies
Bottle Feeding
Breast Feeding
Meal on Wheels
Breast Feeding, Exclusive
Cost Control
Medical Assistance, Title 19

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