Jan 21, 2006

Economics of home vs. hospital breastfeeding support for newborns

Journal of Advanced Nursing
Bonnie StevensPeter C Coyte


This paper presents the findings of research comparing the incremental costs associated with the provision of home-based vs. hospital-based support for breastfeeding by nurse lactation consultants for term and near-term neonates during the first week of life. A consequence of both consumer demands and increasing health resource constraints is that alternative care delivery models for safe, efficacious and cost-effective breastfeeding programmes have steadily evolved. To date, the economic impact of the setting (home or hospital) where lactation support is delivered has received little research attention. Mother-infant dyads were stratified by gestational age as term (>37 weeks gestational age; n = 101) or near term (35-37 weeks gestational age; n = 37) and randomized to standard hospital care and postpartum follow-up (standard care), or to standard hospital care plus home support from certified nurse lactation consultants (experimental). Data collection occurred at study entry, hospital discharge and at a seventh day postpartum follow-up session. Costs to the family (out-of-pocket and time costs) and to the healthcare system (during hospitalization and after hospital discharge) were measured. Total societal costs were defined a...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Nursing Administration Research
Home Care of Patient
Gestational Age
Breast Feeding
Nursing, Perinatal
Breast Feeding, Exclusive
Treatment Costs
Hospital Stay

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