Ecosystem services from a degraded peatland of Central Kalimantan: implications for policy, planning, and management

Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Elizabeth A LawKerrie A Wilson

Abstract

Increasingly, landscapes are managed for multiple objectives to balance social, economic, and environmental goals. The Ex-Mega Rice Project (EMRP) peatland in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia provides a timely example with globally significant development, carbon, and biodiversity concerns. To inform future policy, planning, and management in the EMRP, we quantified and mapped ecosystem service values, assessed their spatial interactions, and evaluated the potential provision of ecosystem services under future land-use scenarios. We focus on key policy-relevant regulating (carbon stocks and the potential for emissions reduction), provisioning (timber, crops from smallholder agriculture, palm oil), and supporting (biodiversity) services. We found that implementation of existing land-use plans has the potential to improve total ecosystem service provision. We identify a number of significant inefficiencies, trade-offs, and unintended outcomes that may arise. For example, the potential development of existing palm oil concessions over one-third of the region may shift smallholder agriculture into low-productivity regions and substantially impact carbon and biodiversity outcomes. While improved management of conservation zones may enh...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 28, 2017·Science·Valerie Kapos
Jul 22, 2017·PLoS Biology·Luis R CarrascoNavjot S Sodhi
Oct 16, 2015·Environmental Management·Aritta SuwarnoElham Sumarga
Aug 31, 2019·American Journal of Primatology·Stefanie HeinickeHjalmar S Kühl
Oct 13, 2018·The Science of the Total Environment·S H S TeohL R Carrasco

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