Sep 5, 2003

Edaravone, a novel free radical scavenger, prevents liver injury and mortality in rats administered endotoxin

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Hiroshi KonoYoshiro Matsumoto


We postulated that a novel free radical scavenger, 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (edaravone; EDA), would attenuate inflammatory cytokine and chemokine expression in the liver after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge through its antioxidant effect. Rats were administered EDA (0.3, 1.5, 3.0, 6.0, and 12.0 mg/kg) or the same volume of saline intravenously just after LPS (10 mg/kg) injection and then was continued intermittently every 2 h (five administrations in total). Survival was assessed for the next 24 h. In separate experiments, rats were sacrificed at 60 min, 90 min, 6 h, and 9 h after LPS injection. Serum and liver sections were collected for further analysis. Survival was improved by EDA in a dose-dependent manner up to 3 mg/kg, and maximum effects were observed at a dose of 3 mg/kg. After LPS injection, alanine aminotransferase levels increased significantly to about 1,250 IU/l in the vehicle-treated group, whereas values were blunted by about 80% by EDA. Furthermore, increases in 4-hydroxynonenal-modified proteins were also blunted in the liver by EDA. Moreover, mRNA expressions of macrophage infiltrating protein-2, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and MCP-5 were attenuated by EDA. As a result, increases i...Continue Reading

  • References22
  • Citations47

Mentioned in this Paper

CCL15 protein, human
Neutrophil Band Cells
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Antioxidant Effect
Free Radicals

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.