Effect of acute low oxygen exposure on the proliferation rate, viability and gene expression of C2C12 myoblasts in vitro

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology

Abstract

ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION Changes in the oxygen concentration of cellular microenvironments play a significant role in regulating cell function during muscle regeneration. Generally, most in-vitro cell culture experiments have been carried out in atmospheric conditions with 21% O2, which compared to the actual micro-environment of mature skeletal muscle of between 1% and 10% pO2 is extremely hyperoxic (Li et al, 2007). Culturing skeletal muscle cells in vitro within their typical physiologically hypoxic environment in situ (2-10% pO2) has been shown to increase proliferation rate, reduce apoptosis and increase multiple MRF gene expressions, compared to culturing in a normoxic environment (21% O2). However, chronic exposure (>24 hr) to a semi-severe hypoxic environment (≤5% O2) can lead to a decrease in cell proliferation and differentiation (Chakravarthy et al, 2001). The effects of acute hypoxic exposure (24 h) has limited research and could be important in understanding the effects of hypoxia on skeletal muscle during brief exposures such as those observed within intermittent hypoxic training programmes. The purpose of this work was to examine the role of acute hypoxia (24 h) on C2C12 proliferation and relevant gene expression ...Continue Reading

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Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis