PMID: 3110466Jan 1, 1986

Effect of airway anaesthesia on the ventilatory and heart rate responses to isocapnic progressive hypoxia

The Japanese Journal of Physiology
Y TanakaY Honda

Abstract

The effect of airway anaesthesia by lidocaine inhalation on the hypoxic ventilatory response was examined together with the heart rate response by the isocapnic progressive hypoxia test in human subjects. During the test, end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) was maintained at the resting level. However, because resting PETCO2 tends to decrease by airway anaesthesia, we conducted the test at the resting PETCO2 determined both before (normocapnic) and after lidocaine (hypocapnic). Ventilatory and heart rate response were evaluated as a linear function of oxygen saturation of the arterial blood (SaO2). In the "hypocapnic" runs, ventilatory responses tended to be depressed, while the slope of heart rate response-PETCO2 relationship increased after lidocaine. However, when PETCO2 was restored to the normocapnic level, ventilation apparently increased from the control, and the augmented slope in the heart rate response disappeared. Although the elevated ventilation in normocapnic hypoxia might be due simply to the increased ventilatory response to CO2, we suggested that the augmented slope in the heart rate response in hypocapnic hypoxia might be related not only to PETCO2 level itself but also to the direct effect of airway anaesthesia.

Related Concepts

Anoxemia
Carbon Dioxide
Pulse Rate
Lidocaine Monohydrochloride, Monohydrate
Respiration
Spirometry
Tidal Volume

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.