Oct 1, 1989

Effect of angiotensin II infusion on the human glomerular filtration barrier

The American Journal of Physiology
N LoonB D Myers


Angiotensin II (ANG II) infusion has been reported to impair barrier size selectivity and exacerbate proteinuria in the rat. To examine whether this is also true of humans, we infused a pressor dose of ANG II into seven healthy controls and seven nephrotic patients. A prompt depression of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal plasma flow was observed in each group (P less than 0.01). Surprisingly, the excretion rates of albumin (5.3 +/- 1.6 to 2.8 +/- 0.3 in controls and 4,791 +/- 1,244 to 3,833 +/- 800 micrograms/min in nephrotics) and immunoglobulin G (1.5 +/- 0.4 to 0.8 +/- 0.2 and 305 +/- 87 to 255 +/- 94 micrograms/min, respectively) fell significantly during ANG II infusion. Fractional clearances of dextrans of broad size distribution (radii 34-54 A) were uniformly elevated by ANG II infusion in controls but tended to decline in nephrotics. A heteroporous model of the glomerular capillary wall revealed ANG II to have a negligible effect on membrane-pore structure. However, the depressed GFR lowered the rate at which macromolecule-rich filtrate was formed through a subset of nondiscriminatory pores from 272 to 176 microliters/min in controls and from 394 to 334 microliters/min in nephrotics. We conclude that, in strik...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Nephrotic Syndrome
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Renal Blood Flow
Angiotensin II, Val(5)-
Intravenous Infusion Procedures

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