Oct 1, 1976

Effect of antipsychotic drugs on the firing of dorsal raphe cells. I. Role of adrenergic system

European Journal of Pharmacology
D W Gallager, G K Aghajanian


The activity of serotonergic (5HT) neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus was inhibited by the i.v. administration of certain antipsychotic drugs (methiothepin, clozapine and thioridazine). However, other antipsychotic agents (chlorpromazine, haloperidol and pimozide) did not inhibit raphe cell firing. The inhibitory potency of these drugs on raphe activity correlates with reported central noradrenergic blocking efficacy. An alpha-adrenergic blocking agent, piperoxane, but not the beta-blocking agents, propranolol and MJ 1999, inhibited raphe activity when administered systemically. All of these drugs appear to act indirectly since they (and NE) have relatively weak or variable effects when applied microiontophoretically to raphe neurons. The depressant effects of certain antipsychotic drugs and piperoxane on 5HT neurons appears to be mediated by a cnetral adrenergic system since (1) the depression could be reversed by the catecholamine releasing agents 1- and d-amphetamine; (2) the depression could be abolished by destruction of adrenergic pathways in the CNS by chemical, mechanical, or electrothermic lesions. While a precise localization has not yet been obtained, the data suggest that these drug effects may be mediated by an ad...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Antipsychotic Effect
Receptors, Tryptamine
Synaptic Transmission
Reticular Formation
Norepinephrine Receptors
Rats, Laboratory

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