Jul 1, 1985

Effect of basic pacing cycle length on sinus node refractoriness in the rabbit

The American Journal of Cardiology
C R KerrN Aiama

Abstract

The effect of basic pacing cycle length on sinus node refractoriness was investigated. In 18 rabbit right atrial preparations, the sinus node effective refractory period (SNERP) was measured at multiple basic pacing cycle lengths. In 14 experiments SNERP was measured at basic pacing cycle lengths of 400, 350 and 300 ms. The mean SNERP (+/- standard deviation) prolonged from 168 +/- 31 ms at 400 ms to 181 +/- 37 ms at 350 ms to 196 +/- 40 ms at 400 ms (p less than 0.001). To rule out the possibility that rapid stimulation might release acetylcholine and thus prolong refractoriness, 4 more experiments were conducted in the presence of atropine (2 X 10(-6) M), and similar results were obtained. The spatial orientation of refractoriness was examined in 7 experiments. At the same premature interval, shorter basic pacing cycle lengths resulted in block of the premature impulse at a greater distance from the sinus node. Therefore, in sinus node tissue refractoriness increases with shortening of basic pacing cycle length, a response similar to that of the atrioventricular node.

Mentioned in this Paper

Sinoatrial Node
Reaction Time
Atropine
Atropinum, atropine
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological
Nerve Conduction Function
Chinchilla Rabbits
Refractory Period
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Electrophysiology (Science)

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