Jan 1, 1988

Effect of benzodiazepines and pentobarbital on the GABA-induced depolarization in cultured astrocytes

Glia
K H BackusM Schachner

Abstract

We have previously shown that cultured astrocytes from neonatal rat cerebral cortex are depolarized by GABA. The underlying ionic mechanism, activation of a Cl- conductance and responses to an agonist and antagonists were found to be similar to those of the neuronal GABAA receptor (Kettenmann et al.: Brain Research 404:1-9, 1987; Kettenmann and Schachner: Journal of Neuroscience 5:3295-3301, 1985). To characterize further the pharmacological properties of the GABA receptor we have tested the influence of pentobarbital and benzodiazepines on the GABA response. Pentobarbital potentiated and prolonged the GABA-induced depolarization and enhanced the velocity of the depolarization. Agonists of the neuronal benzodiazepine receptor, flunitrazepam, diazepam, and midazolam, increased the GABA-induced depolarization. As in neurons, an antagonist of the benzodiazepine receptor, Ro 15-1788, blocked the flunitrazepam-induced enhancement of the GABA response. In contrast to their effects on neurons, the inverse agonists Ro 22-7497 and DMCM increased the GABA-induced depolarization. The ligand of the putative peripheral benzodiazepine binding site, Ro 5-4864, did not show consistent effects on the GABA response. These studies confirm that cu...Continue Reading

  • References7
  • Citations40

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Diabutal
Resting Potentials
August Rats
Brain
Astrocytes
GABA-A Receptor gamma Subunit
Benzodiazepines
Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, Zinc Salt (2:1)
Benzodiazepinones
Ro 5-4864

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