Jan 1, 1976

Effect of beta-adrenoreceptor blockers on heart rate and blood pressure in dynamic and isometric exercise

G Nyberg


Previous studies on the effects on heart rate and blood pressure in normals and hypertensive patients during dynamic exercise (ergometer bicycling or treadmill walking) and isometric exercise (sustained handgrip) are reviewed. In one study utilising sub-maximal bicycle exercise in hypertensives, there was a 43% increase in heart rate for a 33% increase in systolic pressure and 5% fall in diastolic pressure. Beta-adrenoreceptor blockade decreased the heart rate level by 18 to 19% for a decrease of systolic blood pressure level by 4 to 11%, whereas the diastolic pressure level was unaffected. A protocol is described utilising a blind indirect blood pressure recording machine ("Auto-Manometer") with which cuff inflation and deflation are automatic and constant, and blood pressure values stored at suitable Korotkov sound phases. The machine also records heart rate. By this method, isometric exercise at 50% of maximal voluntary contraction (sustained handgrip) has been studied in normals and hypertensives off and on different treatments. Both in normals and established hypertensives, there was about a 25% increase in systolic blood pressure during isometric exercise for about a 22% increase in diastolic blood pressure, and 26% incre...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Hypertensive Disease
Vasoactive Antagonists
Pulse Rate
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists

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