Apr 1, 1987

Effect of cadmium on T4 outer ring monodeiodination by rat liver

Environmental Research
K YoshidaH Saito

Abstract

The effect of cadmium on thyroxine (T4) outer ring monodeiodination was studied in vivo and in vitro in the rat liver. One microgram of T4 was incubated with rat liver homogenates in 50 mM Tris--HCl buffer, pH 7.4, with or without 0.5, 5, and 50 mM dithiothreitol (DTT) for 60 min in the presence of 10(-8) to 10(-3) M CdCl2, and the amount of 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) produced was determined by a specific radioimmunoassay. Subcutaneous injection of CdCl2, 1 mg/kg BW/day, 5 days a week for 10 weeks, to the rats resulted in a significant reduction in serum T3 concentration (by 37%) and hepatic T3 production from T4 (by 78 to 92%). In vitro addition of 1 microM to 1 mM CdCl2 to liver homogenates caused a concentration-dependent reduction in T3 generation. Without DTT a 50% reduction in the T4 to T3 converting activity was caused by 4 X 10(-6) M CdCl2. DTT (0.5 to 50 mM) partially restored T3 generation roughly in a concentration-dependent manner. These results indicate that cadmium has some effects on the metabolism of thyroid hormone.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Subcutaneous Injections
August Rats
Thyroxine Measurement
Hepatic
Tromethamine
Sputolysin
Dithiothreitol
Cadmium Measurement
Etiology

About this Paper

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