DOI: 10.1101/489427Dec 8, 2018Paper

Effect of diapause on cold-resistance in different life-stages of an aphid parasitoid wasp

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kevin TougeronJacques Brodeur

Abstract

To overwinter, insects from mild temperate areas can either enter diapause or remain active. Both strategies involve costs and benefits depending on the environment. In the first case, the emerging individuals will resist winter but have a reduced fitness because diapause entails physiological and ecological costs. In the second case, individuals need to be cold-resistant enough to withstand winter temperatures during their immature and adult stages, but could avoid diapause-associated costs. In mild temperate areas, the cost-benefit balance between the diapause and the non-diapause strategy would likely change in response to climate warming. A trade-off between these two strategies should lead to reduction of diapause expression in some populations. We explored the importance of such trade-off through the comparison of cold resistance capacities among different life stages in diapause and non-diapause individuals in a population of the aphid parasitoid Aphidius ervi (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) originating from western France where a decrease of diapause incidence was recently observed. As a proxy measure of insect physiological cold resistance, the Super Cooling Point (SCP) was determined for non-diapausing and diapausing prepup...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Aphids
Environment
Hymenoptera
Insecta
Size
Cooling Units
Braconidae
Aphidius ervi
Protein Expression
Population Group

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