Jul 1, 1977

Effect of early and late cord clamping on the systolic time intervals of the newborn infant

Acta paediatrica Scandinavica
A C Yao, J Lind

Abstract

The effect of early and late cord clamping on the left ventricular performance of the newborn infant was assessed by measuring the systolic time intervals from the indirect carotid pulse tracings and simultaneous phonocardiogram and electrocardiogram. The study was performed in 13 normal, full-term infants sequentially at 20-105 min, 6-6 1/2 hrs, and 24-27 hrs of age. The umbilical cords were clamped early in 7 (E.C.) and clamped late in 6 infants (L.C.). The ratio of the pre-ejection period (PEP) to the left ventricular ejection time (LVET) was found to be significantly higher in the L.C. infants (mean +/- S.E., 0.400 +/- 0.18, 0.433 +/- 0.018, 0.410 +/- 0.021) compared with those of the E.C. (0.334 +/- 0.010, 0.347 +/- 0.009, 0.361 +/- 0.007) with p values of less than 0.01, less than 0.005 and less than 0.05, respectively in the three examination periods. The higher PEP/LVET ratios in the L.C. infants were mainly attributable to a prolongation of the PEP. It is suggested that late cord clamping, by allowing a sizable placental transfusion, appeared to affect adversely the left ventricular performance of the neonate. Furthermore, it is suggested that in evaluating systolic time intervals of the neonate during the first days o...Continue Reading

  • References10
  • Citations7

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Placenta
Umbilical Cord Structure
Clamping Activity
Carotid Pulse
Ventricular Function
Electrocardiography
Eutheria
Heart Ventricle
Phonocardiogram With ECG Lead
Phonocardiogram

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.