Effect of episodic and working memory impairments on semantic and cognitive procedural learning at alcohol treatment entry

Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Anne Lise PitelHélène Beaunieux

Abstract

Chronic alcoholism is known to impair the functioning of episodic and working memory, which may consequently reduce the ability to learn complex novel information. Nevertheless, semantic and cognitive procedural learning have not been properly explored at alcohol treatment entry, despite its potential clinical relevance. The goal of the present study was therefore to determine whether alcoholic patients, immediately after the weaning phase, are cognitively able to acquire complex new knowledge, given their episodic and working memory deficits. Twenty alcoholic inpatients with episodic memory and working memory deficits at alcohol treatment entry and a control group of 20 healthy subjects underwent a protocol of semantic acquisition and cognitive procedural learning. The semantic learning task consisted of the acquisition of 10 novel concepts, while subjects were administered the Tower of Toronto task to measure cognitive procedural learning. Analyses showed that although alcoholic subjects were able to acquire the category and features of the semantic concepts, albeit slowly, they presented impaired label learning. In the control group, executive functions and episodic memory predicted semantic learning in the first and second ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Alcohol Abuse
Cognition
Overinclusion
Learning Disturbance
Memory
Memory Loss
Psychomotor Performance
Semantics
Nested Case-Control Studies
Substance Abuse Treatment Centers

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