PMID: 8454Aug 25, 1976

Effect of ethanesulfonic acid buffers and pH on the accumulation of a nervous system-specific protein (S-100) and a glial-enriched enzyme in a clonal line of rat astrocytes (C6).

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
S E Pfeiffer, H Eagle


Stationary phase cultures of a clonal line of rat astrocytes (C6) were maintained at pH values ranging from 6.0 to 8.4 using media buffered with various combinations of organic buffers or graded concentrations of bicarbonate ion at a constant CO2 tension. The accumulation of a soluble acidic protein unique to the nervous system (S-100) in media buffered with organic buffers was optimal in the pH range 6.4 to 6.8, significantly more acid than that optimal for cell growth (pH 7.0 to 7.8). Cells maintained in CO2-bicarbonate-buffered media exhibited a higher and less marked pH optimum for S-100 protein accumulation and a lower efficiency of accumulation of the protein. These data suggest that the organic buffer ions themselves, apart from their function as buffers, are influencing the accumulation of S-100. The specific activity (assayed at the enzymatic pH optimum) of a membrane-bound enzyme enriched in glial cells and myelin, 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase, was markedly pH-dependent. The optimal pH range was 6.4 to 6.7 in organic buffer controlled media. In CO2-bicarbonate controlled media the optimal pH range was only slightly higher (pH 6.6 to 7.0), but the specific activities were reduced relative to organic buff...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Mixed Oligoastrocytoma
Cultured Cell Line
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
S100 Proteins
Nerve Tissue Proteins
Phosphoric diester hydrolase
Structure-Activity Relationship

Related Feeds

ASBMB Publications

The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) includes the Journal of Biological Chemistry, Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, and the Journal of Lipid Research. Discover the latest research from ASBMB here.


Astrocytes are glial cells that support the blood-brain barrier, facilitate neurotransmission, provide nutrients to neurons, and help repair damaged nervous tissues. Here is the latest research.