Effect of foster care on language learning at eight years: findings from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project

Journal of Child Language
Jennifer WindsorCharles H Zeanah

Abstract

This study reports on language outcomes at eight years from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a randomized controlled study of foster care. We previously have shown that children placed in foster care by age two have substantially stronger preschool language outcomes than children placed later and children remaining in institutional care. One hundred and five children participated in the current study, fifty-four originally assigned to foster care and fifty-one to continued institutional care. Even though current placements varied, children originally in foster care had longer sentences and stronger sentence repetition and written word identification. Children placed in foster care by age two had significant advantages in word identification and nonword repetition; children placed by age 1 ; 3 performed equivalently to community peers. The results show the continuing adverse effects of early poor institutional care on later language development and the key importance of age of placement in a more optimal environment.

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Citations

Oct 29, 2013·The Journal of Pediatrics·April R LevinCharles A Nelson
Sep 20, 2015·Journal of Communication Disorders·Natalia RakhlinElena L Grigorenko
May 28, 2013·TheScientificWorldJournal·Rachel PritchettHelen Minnis
Jan 27, 2015·Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry·April R LevinCharles A Nelson
Jul 7, 2017·Journal of Neurophysiology·Catherine StamoulisCharles A Nelson
Apr 24, 2020·New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development·Marina A ZhukovaElena L Grigorenko
May 28, 2019·Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience·Laura MachlinMargaret A Sheridan
Dec 18, 2020·Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders·Kathryn L HumphreysCharles H Zeanah

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