PMID: 7091360Jul 1, 1982Paper

Effect of GABA and isogabaculine on ornithine decarboxylase and putrescine metabolism

The American Journal of Physiology
K A DiekemaB Lippert

Abstract

Isogabaculine (3-amino-1,3-cyclohexadienyl carboxylic acid; RMI 71,932), an irreversible inhibitor of GABA transaminase, when added to mouse neuroblastoma cells in spinner culture at the time of induction of cell proliferation, increased ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity threefold above that of normal control cells and twofold above that of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)-treated cells. Isogabaculine did not affect ODC activity of rat glioma (C6) or rat hepatoma (HTC) cells. As determined by half-life measurements of ODC and intracellular GABA concentrations, isogabaculine apparently has a direct stabilizing effect on ODC in neuroblastoma cells that is unrelated to the accumulation of GABA due to GABA transaminase inhibition. Putrescine metabolism to GABA or spermidine was determined in C6, HTC, and neuroblastoma cells in the presence or absence of isogabaculine and/or GABA. Neither GABA nor isogabaculine treatment dramatically altered the metabolism of putrescine to GABA or spermidine in neuroblastoma, C6 glioma, or HTC cells. However, the appreciable amount of labeled GABA formed from putrescine indicated that this metabolic route may be more important than was previously thought.

Citations

May 1, 1986·Nutrition Reviews·W M Pardridge

Related Concepts

Isogabaculine trifluoromesylate, (-)-isomer
Carboxy-Lyases
Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids
Cyclohexylamine
Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, Zinc Salt (2:1)
Mixed Gliomas
Hepatoma, Novikoff
Neoplasms, Experimental
Neuroblastoma
Ornithine Decarboxylase

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.