PMID: 7091360Jul 1, 1982Paper

Effect of GABA and isogabaculine on ornithine decarboxylase and putrescine metabolism

The American Journal of Physiology
K A DiekemaB Lippert


Isogabaculine (3-amino-1,3-cyclohexadienyl carboxylic acid; RMI 71,932), an irreversible inhibitor of GABA transaminase, when added to mouse neuroblastoma cells in spinner culture at the time of induction of cell proliferation, increased ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity threefold above that of normal control cells and twofold above that of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)-treated cells. Isogabaculine did not affect ODC activity of rat glioma (C6) or rat hepatoma (HTC) cells. As determined by half-life measurements of ODC and intracellular GABA concentrations, isogabaculine apparently has a direct stabilizing effect on ODC in neuroblastoma cells that is unrelated to the accumulation of GABA due to GABA transaminase inhibition. Putrescine metabolism to GABA or spermidine was determined in C6, HTC, and neuroblastoma cells in the presence or absence of isogabaculine and/or GABA. Neither GABA nor isogabaculine treatment dramatically altered the metabolism of putrescine to GABA or spermidine in neuroblastoma, C6 glioma, or HTC cells. However, the appreciable amount of labeled GABA formed from putrescine indicated that this metabolic route may be more important than was previously thought.


May 1, 1986·Nutrition Reviews·W M Pardridge

Related Concepts

Isogabaculine trifluoromesylate, (-)-isomer
Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids
Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, Zinc Salt (2:1)
Mixed Gliomas
Hepatoma, Novikoff
Neoplasms, Experimental
Ornithine Decarboxylase

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