PMID: 11607Jan 1, 1975Paper

Effect of glutamic acid on the interrelationship of the effects of different activators of cerebral glutaminase

Voprosy biokhimii mozga
L L BadalianV S Oganesian

Abstract

When phosphate and tyroxine (activators of brain glutaminase) are used in small amounts, a potentiation of their stimulatory effect is observed. Higher concentrations exhibit an opposite effect. Glutamic acid has a strong inhibitory effect on all the activators of glutaminase given separately. The inhibitory effect of glutamate increases on lowering the pH. On the other hand the potentiation observed on adding two stimulators is increased greatly in the presence of glutamate. On the addition of tyroxine to other stimulators a greater potentiation and rise of glutaminase activity are observed. The potentiation, which occurs on the joint addition of phosphate and tyroxine, is raised with the increase of the amount of glutamic acid, while on the contrary on joining phosphate with other stimulators potentiation is reduced. Potentiation is variable and depends on the pH. Preincubation of brain mitochondrial fraction with guanidine chloride inhibits markedly the stimulatory effect of all the stimulators used, but their joint addition almost abolishes the potentiating effect. In the presence of glutamic acid, due to the increase of the cooperative effect between the two stimulators, glutaminase activity is greatly increased and someti...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Aspartic Acid, Magnesium-Potassium (2:1:2) Salt
Brain
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Drug Interactions
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Glutamic Acids
Phosphate-Activated Glutaminase
Guanidines
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Mitochondria

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