Effect of graded 15(R)15 methyl prostaglandin E2 and of indomethacin on the gastric secretory and plasma gastrin response to modified shamfeeding

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
C JohanssonA Kallner

Abstract

Vagal stimulation by modified shamfeeding in healthy subjects induced about fourfold increases of gastric outputs of acid, chloride, sodium and potassium. Prior oral 15(R)15 methyl prostaglandin E2 inhibited dose-dependently the peak and total gastric acid response to modified shamfeeding by lowering both the secreted volumes and the acidity. The inhibition by 15 micrograms of the analogue exceeded 50% and the suppression was submaximal by 140 micrograms. Gastric output of chlorides decreased in a dose-related way. The hydrogen ion output was proportionally more reduced than the chlorides. The analogue did not affect the gastric output of sodium. Potassium decreased in a dose-related way. Indomethacin was without effect on the gastric acid response to shamfeeding but reduced the sodium output compared to in controls and in series with the analogue. Plasma gastrin was slightly but significantly elevated by the shamfeeding procedure. This elevation was absent or even reversed by 15(R)15 Me PGE2. No effect was recorded by indomethacin pretreatment. Vagal stimulation augments both the parietal and non-parietal components of the gastric secretion. Low doses of oral 15(R)15 Me PGE2 were effective in suppressing the vagally stimulated...Continue Reading

References

Nov 1, 1987·Digestive Diseases and Sciences·L B KatzD A Shriver
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Citations

Feb 1, 1976·The American Journal of Physiology·A A MihasB I Hirschowitz
Nov 1, 1977·In Vitro·G Martínez-Lopez, L M Black
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Related Concepts

Chloride Ion Level
Gastric Juice
Vagal Stimulation
Osmosin
Potassium
Analog
Nutrients
Process of Secretion
Vagus Nerve Structure
Visual Suppression

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