Jan 5, 2002

Effect of high-cell-density fermentation of Candida utilis on kinetic parameters and the shift to respiro-fermentative metabolism

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
L OrdazM de la Torre

Abstract

Candida utilis NRRLY-900 was grown in a high-cell-density continuous culture without oxygen limitation. Glucose or molasses was used as carbon source at 30 g l(-1) or 100 g (reducing sugars) l(-1). At 30 g glucose l(-1), the dilution rate (D) immediately before the change in respiratory metabolism (Dr) was approximately 0.40 h(-1). At this value of D, the corresponding culture in molasses did not reach the Dr value. When the reducing sugar concentration in the feed was 100 g l(-1), the Dr was 0.15 h(-1) for glucose and 0.3 h(-1) for molasses. When D>Dr, accumulation of ethanol and organic acids occurred, due to physiological changes in C. utilis. The changes observed were a decrease in the biomass yield coefficient per gram of oxygen consumed (YO2) and a sudden increase in the specific oxygen consumption rate (qO2) for each substrate. Therefore, at growth rates above Dr in a high-cell-density culture, C. utilis acquired a flexible catabolism directed towards alternative fermentation routes. The D at which metabolic changes took place seemed to depend on the nature and concentration of the carbon source. Biomass productivity was higher with molasses than with glucose when the fermenter was operated at high D values.

  • References
  • Citations3

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Organic acids, Gynecological
Ethanol
Ethanol Measurement
Torulopsis utilis
Catabolic Process
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Pyruvate
Metabolic Pathway
Organic acid

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.