Effect of hyperoxia on superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide production of polymorphonuclear leucocytes and alveolar macrophages

British Journal of Haematology
M Rister, R L Baehner


Hyperoxia activates superoxide dismutase (SOD) while inactivating catalase and glutathione peroxidase in polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) and alveolar marcophages (AM) obtained from guinea-pigs exposed to 85% oxygen for 90 h. The influence of these altered enzyme activities on the rate of oxygen consumption and release of superoxide anion (O--2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was investigated. By 18 h O--2 released from resting PMN increased two-fold and remained elevated through the entire periods of the study, whereas H2O2 release and oxygen consumption at the same time points remained normal. At 66 h PMN phagocytizing opsonized zymosan particles released additional quantities of O--2 and H2O2 and consumed significantly more oxygen compared to the usual increase noted at earlier time points. Although oxygen consumption was almost two-fold higher in AM than PMN, phagocytizing AM released three-fold less O--2 and five-fold less H2O2 than did PMN. Furthermore, AM of animals exposed to hyperoxia no longer exhibited enhanced O--2 production upon exposure to opsonized zymosan. Hydrogen peroxide release progressively decreased at rest but progressively increased during phagocytosis of opsonized zymosan during the 90 h exposure to hy...Continue Reading


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