PMID: 1119580Feb 1, 1975Paper

Effect of hypothalamic lesions on immediate hypersensitivity

The American Journal of Physiology
R C SchiaviM Stein


Bilateral electrolytic lesions were placed in the anterior basal hypothalamus of male Hartley-strain guinea pigs. The animals with anterior hypothalamic lesions and a group of sham-operated controls were sensitized 5-10 days postoperatively with ovalbumin in modified Freund's adjuvant. At 18-22 days following sensitization both groups were randomly divided into three subgroups and challenged by intrajugular injections of three different antigen doses. Anaphylactic death and the severity of anaphylaxis in the survivors were recorded. Antibody titers were determined prior to challenge with use of the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis technique. Serial sections of each brain were made for lesion localization. Significant protection against anaphylaxis was found in guina pigs with symmetrical lesions in the anterior hypothalamus. No significant differences in antibody titers were observed between the lesion and sham-operated groups. There were no significant differences in the response of isolated muscle strips from anterior-lesioned and sham-operated guinea pigs to exogenous histamine. Anterior hypothalamic lesions of size and location comparable to those that provided protection against lethal anaphylaxis did not modify the anaphylac...Continue Reading


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