Effect of intracerebroventricular administration of morphine upon intestinal motility in rat and its antagonism with naloxone

European Journal of Pharmacology
D ParolaroE Gori

Abstract

Morphine, intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) or intraperitoneally (i.p.) administered to rats, inhibited intestinal propulsion as tested by a charcoal meal. Such an inhibition was shown to be linearly related to the log of administered doses for both routes of administration and the two linear regressions are parallel, so that morphine was calculated to be 206 times more potent when administered i.c.v. than i.p. A dose of morphine fully active by the i.c.v. route was completely inactive when injected by the i.v., i.p., i.m. and s.c. routes. Naloxone, administered i.c.v., blocked the antipropulsive effect of morphine i.c.v. or i.p. The pA2 of naloxone versus morphine, both administered i.c.v. was determined and calculated to be 7.14 (6.76-7.62).

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Intestinal Motility
Injections, Intraventricular
Morphine Sulfate (2: 1), Pentahydrate
Naloxone, (5 beta,9 alpha,13 alpha,14 alpha)-Isomer
Rats, Laboratory

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