May 7, 2008

Effect of intrathecal pralidoxime administration upon survival of rats exposed to the organophosphate paraoxon

Neurotoxicology
D E LorkeG A Petroianu

Abstract

The therapeutic results of systemic administration of pralidoxime (2-PAM) in the treatment of poisoning with organophosphate-type cholinesterase inhibitors are disappointing. It has been hypothesized that this is due to poor entry of 2-PAM into the brain. To test if survival rates can be improved by direct administration of 2-PAM into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the effect of intrathecal 2-PAM injections upon mortality after paraoxon intoxication was examined. Eight groups of rats (n=30 each) were examined, all of which received paraoxon (1 micromol=272 microg, 3 micromol=816 microg, or 5 micromol=1.36 mg) intraperitoneally (i.p.). One group received no further treatment; the other groups were given 50 micromol (=8.63 mg) 2-PAM i.p., 5 micromol (=863 microg) 2-PAM intrathecally and pentobarbital/lidocaine in various combinations. Results were compared with the no treatment group and the control groups that did not receive any paraoxon injections, but were given intrathecal injections of saline or 2-PAM. The relative risk of death was estimated by Cox survival analysis. Mortality was lowest after treatment with a combination of both i.p. and intrathecal 2-PAM plus pentobarbital, and with 2-PAM i.p. alone plus pentobarbital. B...Continue Reading

  • References40
  • Citations3

References

  • References40
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Local Anesthesia [PE]
Exertion
Anticonvulsants
Oximes
Structure of Cisterna Magna
Iron in various other combinations
Injection, lidocaine hcl for intravenous infusion,10 mg
Peripheral Nervous System
Brain
Weighing Patient

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