PMID: 38565May 31, 1979

Effect of iodide-deficiency on rat mammary gland

Virchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology
J M Strum

Abstract

When rats are kept iodide-deficient, atrophy and necrosis takes place in the mammary gland and areas of dysplasia and atypia are seen. Administration of estradiol to iodide-deficient rats stimulates cell division in the gland and leads to the formation of alveoli. Continued stimulation by estradiol produces changes in the newly-formed alveolar cells. Their nucleoli are altered and show a separation of components. Ribosomes and lipid droplets increase and the cells synthesize large vacuoles containing protein. The secretion of great quantities of this material into areas of the tissue where regressive changes have occurred undoubtedly contributes to the formation of cysts within the gland. The present findings indicate that iodide-deficiency alters the structure and function of mammary gland alveolar cells and makes them highly sensitive to stimulation by estradiol.

Related Concepts

Necrosis
Lipid Droplet
Mammary Gland
Alveolar
Cell Division
Estradiol, (16 alpha,17 beta)-Isomer
Estradiol Measurement
Iodine
Process of Secretion
Malnutrition

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