Effect of long-acting and short-acting calcium antagonists on cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients

Lancet
Michael H. AldermanS Madhavan

Abstract

Short-acting calcium antagonists may increase coronary artery morbidity, mortality, and non-cardiovascular complications in hypertensive patients. We assessed whether this association was also true for long-acting calcium antagonists. We did a case-control study, which was nested within a systematic hypertension control programme for a prospective cohort of 4350 people (first seen 1981-94). Cases (n = 189) were hypertensive patients who had had a first cardiovascular event, including all cardiovascular deaths and hospitalisations, between 1989 and 1995. Controls (n = 189) were individually matched to cases for sex, ethnic origin, age, type of previous antihypertensive treatment, year of entry into the study, and length of follow-up. We collected data on any prescribed drug regimen that was being taken on the event data for cases and on the same date for matched controls. Calcium antagonists were classified by duration of action. Compared with those on beta-blocker monotherapy, patients on long-acting calcium antagonists (n = 136) had no increased risk of a cardiovascular event (adjusted odds ratio 0.76 [95% CI 0.41-1.43]), whereas patients on short-acting calcium antagonists (n = 27) were at significantly greater risk (adjusted...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Antihypertensive Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Cardiovascular Diseases
Polychemotherapy
Hypertensive Disease
Regression Analysis
Incidence Studies
Logistic Regression
Odds Ratio
Nested Case-Control Studies

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