PMID: 44950Jan 1, 1979

Effect of magnesium ions on the thermostability of inorganic pyrophosphatase from baker's yeast

Acta biologica et medica Germanica
C Frömmel, W E Höhne


The interaction of magnesium ions with inorganic pyrophosphatase from baker's yeast was studied by means of heat denaturation. The heat inactivation of this enzyme is a biphasic process. The velocities in the initial range and in the subsequent slower part of inactivation are diminished with rising Mg2+ concentration in the inactivation assay. A model is proposed which describes this behavior. It is assumed that two enzyme conformations exist in equilibrium whose conversion rates correspond to the inactivation rate in its order of magnitude. The equilibrium is shifted by Mg2+. The two enzyme species differ in their Mg2+ binding behavior as evidenced by differences in the half-saturation constants and the cooperativity of the binding. The same conclusions are drawn from the fluorimetric measurement of denaturation of inorganic pyrophosphatase. Besides, an additional Mg2+ binding site is demonstrable, the saturation of which obviously leads to stabilisation of part of the enzyme structure without protecting it against loss of enzymatic activity. With the same method the labilizing effect of Zn2+ on the structure of the inorganic pyrophosphatase from baker's yeast was studied.

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