Effect of mannitol crystallization on the stability and aerosol performance of a spray-dried pharmaceutical protein, recombinant humanized anti-IgE monoclonal antibody

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
H R CostantinoY F Maa

Abstract

We have examined the stability and aerosol performance of the pharmaceutical protein recombinant humanized anti-IgE monoclonal antibody (rhuMAbE25) spray dried with mannitol. The aerosol performance was measured by the fine particle fraction (FPF), and stability was assessed by the formation of soluble aggregates. When mannitol was added to the spray-dried rhuMAbE25 formulation, its ability to stabilize the protein leveled off above about 20% (w/w, dry basis). The FPF of the spray-dried formulations was stable during storage for rhuMAbE25 containing 10% and 20% mannitol, but the 30% formulation exhibited a dramatic decrease upon storage at both 5 degreesC and 30 degreesC, due to mannitol crystallization. We tested the addition of sodium phosphate to a 60:40 rhuMAbE25:mannitol (w:w) mixture, which otherwise crystallized upon spray drying and yielded a nonrespirable powder. The presence of sodium phosphate was successful in inhibiting mannitol crystallization upon spray drying and dramatically lowering the rate of solid-state aggregation. However, over long-term storage some crystallization was observed even for the phosphate-containing samples, concomitantly with increased particle size and decreased suitability for aerosol deli...Continue Reading

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