Mar 31, 2020

Effect of maternal nutrient restriction on skeletal muscle mass and associated molecular pathways in SGA and Non-SGA sheep fetuses

Domestic Animal Endocrinology
C SandovalM C Satterfield

Abstract

Maternal nutrient restriction causes small for gestational age (SGA) offspring, which exhibit a higher risk for metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Fetal skeletal muscle is particularly sensitive to maternal nutrient restriction, which impairs muscle mass and metabolism. Using a 50% nutrient restriction treatment from gestational day (GD) 35 to GD 135 in sheep, we routinely observe a spectral phenotype of fetal weights within the nutrient-restricted (NR) group. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the effect of maternal NR on muscle mass, myofiber hypertrophy, myonuclear dotation, and molecular markers for protein synthesis and degradation, while accounting for the observed fetal weight variation. Within the NR group, we classified upper-quartile fetuses into NR(Non-SGA) (n = 11) and lower-quartile fetuses into NR(SGA) (n = 11). A control group (n = 12) received 100% of nutrient requirements throughout pregnancy. At GD 135, fetal plasma and organs were collected, and gastrocnemius and soleus muscles were sampled for investigation. Results showed decreased (P < 0.05) absolute tissue/organ weights, including soleus and gastrocnemius muscles, in NR(SGA) fetuses compared to NR(Non-SGA) and control. Myofiber cross-sectional area was sma...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Receptor
Muscle Fiber Development
Cross-section
Skeletal Muscle Structure
Metabolism
Soleus Muscle Structure
Response to Cortisol Stimulus
FBXO32 protein, human
FOXO1
GDF8 protein, human

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