PMID: 973724Aug 1, 1976

Effect of meperidine on occlusion pressure responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia with and without external inspiratory resistance

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
M H KrygerN R Anthonisen


In 5 normal subjects we measured ventilation and P0.1, the pressure generated by the first 0.1 sec of inspiratory effort against a closed airway, in response to hypercapnia and hypoxia with and without added inspiratory resistance before and after oral meperidine (1.1 to 1.3 mg per kg). CO2 responses were studied in the steady state, whereas progressive hypoxia was used to elicit hypoxic responses. In general, resistance decreased ventilatory responses to hypercapnia but increased P0.1 responses to both hypoxia and hypercapnia. Meperidine depressed both ventilatory and P0.1 responses, more so in hypoxia than in hypercapnia. The combination of resistance and merperidine was additive in depressing responses to hypercapnia but in hypoxia produced little more depression than did meperidine alone. In both hypercapnia and hypoxia, meperidine decreased the augmentation of P0.1 that was associated with increased resistance. Normal subjects responded to acute increases of inspiratory resistance by increasing inspiratory motor output; this increase was distinctly blunted by meperidine.

Related Concepts

Airway Resistance
Meperidine Hydrochloride
Respiratory Center
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio

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