Effect of metal ion concentration on a biological reactor

Biotechnology and Bioengineering
P G IbbotsonM S Otterburn


Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast) cells were employed as a source of alcohol dehydrogenase in the NAD(+)-to-NADH reaction. The cells were immobilized in calcium alginate monofilament fibers and used in a biological reactor. The alginate could not be heat sterilized since temperatures above 80 degrees C caused the polymer chains to degrade. The same proved true for the high pH necessary for the reaction, but the alginate strength was increased by Ba(2+) solution treatment. X-ray probe analysis showed that about 30% of the Ca(2+) sites exchanged with the Ba(2+) ions. The Ba(2+) ions (as well as the Ca(2+) ions) permeabilized the cells and increased the reaction rate. Long term trials showed that Ba(2+) ions were slowly elutriated from the fiber biocatalyst, causing a drop in reaction rate. The trend certainly was reversible as far as the fiber was concerned. It is assumed that the permeabilization of the cells by the Ba(2+) ions was a reversible process.


Oct 1, 1978·Analytical Biochemistry·G F MiozzariR Hütter
Sep 1, 1987·British Journal of Sports Medicine·S H Ibbotson
Jan 1, 1974·Biomaterials, Medical Devices, and Artificial Organs·E Denti
Jun 5, 1983·Journal of Molecular Biology·D Hanahan
Feb 11, 1983·Science·A M Klibanov

Related Concepts

Alcohol dehydrogenase
Clinical Trials
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Diagnostic Radiologic Examination
Calcium Alginate

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.