Effect of molecular structure of poly(glycidyl ether) reagents on crosslinking and mechanical properties of bovine pericardial xenograft materials

Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
J M LeeL W Kan

Abstract

With the identification of the exacerbating effect of glutaraldehyde on calcification of heart valve materials, there exists a renewed interest in both alternative reagents and the effects of crosslinking on connective tissues. One potentially useful class of reagents are poly(glycidyl ether) compounds. We have examined 5 of these reagents with different molecular sizes and functionalities for their effects on mechanical properties and collagen denaturation (shrinkage) temperature. Samples of bovine pericardium were tested fresh or after 48 h fixation in one of the five compounds for denaturation temperature, stress-strain response, stress relaxation, plastic deformation, and fracture properties. Of the compounds tested, those with intermediate length backbones and 4 or 5 epoxide groups were most effective in producing intrahelical crosslinking and increased denaturation temperature over 48 h. However, in samples examined after 17 months of fixation, all reagents had equivalently increased the denaturation temperature. Examination of mechanical results revealed two distinct mechanisms for mechanical change. Observed shifting of the stress-strain curve to the right (due to shrinkage), increased plastic deformation, and some redu...Continue Reading

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