Mar 20, 2020

Effect of morphology and support of copper nanoparticles on basic ovarian granulosa cell functions

Nanotoxicology
Alexander V SirotkinFrancisco Alonso

Abstract

The aim of this survey is to explore the possible effects of unsupported and supported copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) of different morphologies on basic ovarian cell functions. For this purpose, we have compared the activity of unsupported spherical, triangular, and hexagonal CuNPs, as well as of spherical CuNPs supported on titania, zeolite Y and activated charcoal (0, 1, 10, or 100 ng/mL) on cultured porcine ovarian granulosa cells. Cell viability, proliferation (accumulation of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, PCNA), apoptosis (accumulation of Bcl-2-associated X protein, bax) and release of steroid hormones progesterone, testosterone, and 17β-estradiol have been analyzed by the Trypan blue test, quantitative immunocytochemistry, and ELISA, respectively. Cell viability decreased after treatment with hexagonal CuNPs, whilst all the other CuNPs increased it. Unsupported spherical and hexagonal CuNPs, and spherical CuNPs/titania reduced PCNA accumulation; in contrast, an increase was noted for unsupported triangular CuNPs and CuNPs/zeolite Y. Bax accumulation was not affected by hexagonal CuNPs, whereas CuNPs/zeolite Y promoted it and all the other CuNPs depleted it. The release of all steroid hormones was inhibited by CuNPs/ti...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Steroid hormone
Small Cell Carcinoma of Ovary
Cell Survival
Estramustine
Analysis
Reproductive Process
Family suidae
Trypan Blue Stain Method
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Chemicals

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