Jan 1, 1975

Effect of neurotransmitters, Guanosine triphosphate, and divalent ions on the regulation of adenylate cyclase activity in malignant and adenosine cyclic 3':5'-monophosphate-induced "differentiated" neuroblastoma cells

Cancer Research
K N PrasadG Becker

Abstract

The effect of acetylcholine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine, prostaglandin (PGE1), guanosine triphosphate (GTP), and divalent ions on adenylate cyclase activity in homogenates of "differentiated" and malignant mouse neuroblastoma cells was studied. The sensitivity of adenylate cyclase to acetylcholine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine markedly increased in adenosine cyclic 3:5-monophosphate-induced differentiated neuroblastoma cells. Although 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in malignant neuroblastoma cells, it failed to do so in X-irradiation induced differentiated cells. PGE1 and GTP stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in malignant and adenosine cyclic 3:5-monophosphate induced differentiated neuroblastoma cells to about the same level. GTP protentiated the PGE1 effect in differentiated concentrations of magnesium and manganese inhibited adenylate cyclase activity; this effect was more pronounced in differentiated cells than in malignant cells. Calcium stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in malignant and differentiated cells to about the same level. There was no significant difference in the values of Km and Vmax of neuroblastoma cells. This study shows that the sensitivity of adenylate c...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Manganese
Calcium [EPC]
Central Neuroblastoma
Magnesium Measurement
Depression, Chemical
Adenosine
Calcium
Neurons
Cyclic AMP
Cell Differentiation Process

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