Effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the microsomal monooxygenase system of rat liver

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
P M Bélanger, A Atitsé-Gbeassor

Abstract

The effect of acetylsalicylic acid, ibuprofen, indomethacin, ketoprofen, naproxen, phenylbutazone, and salicylic acid on the microsomal oxidative drug metabolism of rat liver was studied. Pretreatment of the rats with pharmacologic doses of acetylsalicylic acid, indomethacin, and ketoprofen decreased both the demethylase and hydroxylase activities of rat liver microsomes. These effects were paralleled by decreases in microsomal cytochrome P-450 content. The rate of the microsomal reactions was increased after pretreatment with ibuprofen and naproxen but only the former increased the concentration of cytochrome P-450. Phenylbutazone and salicylic acid had no in vivo effect on the hepatic monooxygenase. The addition of 1 mM of ibuprofen, indomethacin, ketoprofen, naproxen, and phenylbutazone to rat liver microsomes inhibit both the aminopyrine N-demethylase and p-nitro-anisole O-demethylase activities. The extent of the inhibition varied between 21 and 73% of the control incubation. Indomethacin, naproxen, and phenylbutazone also decreased the aniline hydroxylase activity to roughly 60% of the control value. Acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid had no in vitro effect on the microsomal monooxygenase. The nonsteroidal anti-infla...Continue Reading

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