Effect of omental pedicle hammock in protection against radiation-induced enteropathy in patients with rectal cancer

Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
H J Choi, H S Lee


The aim of this nonrandomized study was to assess effects against radiation-induced enteropathy by constructing an omental pedicle hammock, thus isolating the small bowel outside the pelvis. Since 1991, 32 patients received the omental pedicle hammock procedure as an adjunct to definitive cancer surgery, and the perioperative experiences and toxic effects of radiation therapy were evaluated and compared with 25 patients who received pelvic floor reperitonealization only. There were no surgical complications related to the omental hammock procedure. Contrary to control cases that showed the bowel to adhere deeply in the pelvis, exclusion of the small bowel from the pelvic cavity demonstrated by contrast study was successful in all except four cases of a segment of bowel loop descent within the radiation portals. According to acute and late radiation morbidity scoring criteria, 26 patients (81 percent) scored Grade 0 in the treatment group, whereas only 3 patients (12 percent) scored Grade 0 in the control group (P < 0.01) in the acute phase, and 28 patients (88 percent) of Grade 0 in the former group and 15 (60 percent) in the latter (P < 0.025) in late phase. There has been no case of radiation-induced enteropathy requiring sur...Continue Reading


Mar 1, 1991·Archives of Surgery·K S Dasmahapatra, A P Swaminathan
Jan 1, 1988·Diseases of the Colon and Rectum·D F DevereuxL Zinkin
Jun 6, 1985·The New England Journal of Medicine·UNKNOWN Gastrointestinal Tumor Study Group
Dec 1, 1985·Diseases of the Colon and Rectum·W Dobrowsky, A P Schmid
Jun 1, 1984·Journal of Surgical Oncology·D F DevereuxP J Mozden
Jan 1, 1984·Radiotherapy and Oncology : Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology·M OvergaardA Sell
Jan 1, 1984·Radiotherapy and Oncology : Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology·S Dische, J W Dowdell
Jan 1, 1984·International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics·J E RussJ D Gagnon

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Apr 24, 1999·Diseases of the Colon and Rectum·D P O'Leary
Oct 7, 2006·Hernia : the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery·Ugo IhediohaP J O'dwyer
Jul 31, 2001·Surgical Oncology·A R Sasson, E R Sigurdson
Dec 10, 1999·Journal of the American College of Surgeons·B E WaddellN J Petrelli
Dec 24, 2010·Cirugía española·Carlos Moreno-SanzJoaquín Picazo-Yeste
Mar 7, 2003·Clinical Colorectal Cancer·John Bechtel, Joel Tepper
Jul 2, 2015·Clinical Oncology : a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists·M T W TeoC F Donnellan
Apr 21, 2011·Magyar sebészet·Dániel TeknösFerenc Jakab
Dec 23, 2014·Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part a·Sabine IrtanSabine Sarnacki
Sep 5, 2020·Journal of Visceral Surgery·L LogeB Menahem

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.