Effect of panel-reactive antibody positivity on graft rejection before or after kidney transplantation

Transplantation Proceedings
K W LeeB B Lee

Abstract

Because it is well known that kidney transplant recipients with preformed lymphocytotoxic antibodies against HLA antigens have increased graft rejection rates, a serological crossmatch is routinely performed before kidney transplantation. But, the presence of these antibodies is not routinely monitored after transplantation. We investigated the panel-reactive antibody (PRA) response to know whether variations before or after kidney transplantation were associated with graft rejection. We prospectively analyzed sera from 350 renal allograft recipients from September 1998 to March 2003. Pretransplantation and posttransplantation sera at 3 or 5 weeks postoperatively were tested in PRA. Recipients were stratified into 3 groups according to their PRA levels group I, PRA = 0; group II, PRA = less than 50%, and group III, PRA = more than 50%. The total graft rejection rate among 350 recipients was 9.4% (n = 33). Twenty-four pretransplantation PRA-positive recipients had a graft rejection rate of 20.8% (n = 5), compared with an 8.6% (n = 28) rate among 326 pretransplantation PRA-negative recipients. Six of 24 posttransplantation PRA-positive recipients (25%) experienced a graft rejection versus 27 (8.3%) of 326 posttransplantation PRA-...Continue Reading

References

Sep 11, 2014·The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery·Jin San BokYoung Tae Kim
Jan 24, 2016·Pediatric Nephrology : Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association·Kwanchai PirojsakulMouin G Seikaly
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Related Concepts

Allograft Rejection Pathway
Isoantibodies
HLA Antigens
Kidney
Phosphoglycerate Dehydrogenase Activity
Lymphocytotoxic Antibodies
Panel-reactive Antibody
Graft Rejection
PHGDH wt Allele
HLA Typing

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