Effect of parasympathetic and beta-adrenergic blockade on the umbilical circulation in the unanesthetized fetal sheep

Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
J L HarrisJ T Parer

Abstract

Parasympathetic and beta-adrenergic blocking agents were administered to near term chronically instrumented sheep. Parasympathetic blockade resulted in a significant increase in fetal heart rate and fetal arterial blood pressure, with a minimal nonsignificant increase in umbilical blood flow. beta-Adrenergic blockade resulted in a decrease in fetal heart rate and umbilical blood flow, though neither was statistically significant. There was no change in arterial blood pressure. The net result of parasympathetic and beta-adrenergic blockade on fetal heart rate suggests that the intrinsic rate is the same as when these influences are present.

Related Concepts

Umbilicus (Anatomy)
Diastolic Blood Pressure
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Regional Blood Flow
Umbilical Cord Structure
Fetal Heart
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Atropen
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Sheep

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